© 2019 by the European Migration Agency (EMA)

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MIGRATION

FOR DEVELOPMENT

Well-managed migration is an important tool to support sustainable development of Slovakia and Europe.

 

Research to Support the Return of Slovak Nationals from Abroad

Labour

Migration

Project title:

A research study to formulate recommendations for a communication strategy to support the return of Slovak workers from abroad

Duration:

May 2019 – December 2019

Donor:

Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs

of the Slovak Republic

Implemented with the financial support of the Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs of the Slovak Republic within the framework of the grant program International Relations and Foreign Policy of the Slovak Republic. The European Migration Agency is solely responsible for the content of this document.

The aim of the project is to identify suitable and effective ways to motivate Slovak workers from abroad to return to Slovakia by mapping the reasons for their departure and possible motivation factors for their return in order to formulate recommendations for a communication strategy towards this target group.

For this purpose, EMA will carry out a quantitative survey among Slovaks living abroad, focusing on EU countries where a significant number of compatriots live. It will also be available for completion online, while outreach will be ensured through community organisations of Slovaks and their groups on social media.

The data will be evaluated and processed in the final report (in electronic version), which will contain recommendations for the creation of a communication strategy of the Government of the Slovak Republic and employers towards Slovak nationals considering returning to Slovakia for work.

The project outputs will be prepared together with the IT Association of Slovakia (ITAS), which will be involved in the collection of questionnaires and as a consulting body in the evaluation of data and formulation of recommendations.

Mobility scheme for Ukrainian IT students to enable transfer of soft and hard skills from Slovakia to Ukraine

Migration and development

Project title:

Mobility scheme for Ukrainian IT students to enable transfer of soft and hard skills from Slovakia to Ukraine in cooperation with Universities and private sector

 

Duration:

August 2019 - July 2020

 

Donor:

Slovak Agency for International Development Cooperation

Implemented with the financial support of the Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs of the Slovak Republic within the grant for the implementation of the Slovak development assistance project from the SLOVAKAID program. The European Migration Agency is solely responsible for the content of this document.

The project, supported by SlovakAid, builds on pilot activities of the IT Association Slovakia and the Digital Coalition, which, in cooperation with the Kharkiv Simon Kuznec National University of Economics and the University of Economics and Management of Public Administration (VŠEMVS) created a joint study programme for Ukrainian IT students. The programme is supported by Slovak businesses, who offer scholarships and internships to students and later on two-year employment contracts, during which the company’s initial investment in the student is returned. The aim of the project is to formalize the functioning of the mobility scheme, to involve further universities in Ukraine and in Slovakia, to establish at least three new joint study programmes and to enhance the development potential of the mobility scheme towards Ukraine.

 

 

The development potential of the scheme is based on the concept of circular migration. In general, well-managed circular migration is considered as an effective tool for supporting development, as it allows for the transfer of resources from central (high-income countries) to peripheral areas (rural areas, low-income countries). In our case, after completing the scheme (the last year of study, internship and employment contract in Slovakia), students will be encouraged to return to Ukraine, with knowledge and practical skills that will strengthen their position as employees and support development of smaller or medium-sized IT sector companies in Ukraine. The project will focus not only on the provision of hard skills in IT, but on providing students with opportunities to develop their managerial, leadership, project and other soft skills. At the same time, they will be able to gain valuable experience in the environment of successful multinational companies operating within the European regulatory framework.

 

 

The project consists of the following activities:

1. Partnership for the implementation of the mobility scheme

2. Development of administrative and operational procedures for the mobility scheme

3. Elaboration of joint study programmes

4. Provision of practical support to students

5. Promotion towards target groups and stakeholders

 

The direct result of the project will be a mobility scheme with solid administrative and operational rules and at least three new joint study programmes, creating effective ways of transferring knowledge, soft and hard skills and contacts in IT sector to Ukraine through circular migration. At the end of the project, the mobility scheme will be ready for the use and students in Ukraine will be informed that they can enrol in joint study programmes. In this way, the project will contribute to achieving a triple-win situation – a situation where migration is beneficial to the receiving country (addressing the temporary shortage of skilled labour force, strengthening mutual trade relations), for migrants (acquiring of qualifications and skills, strengthening of social capital) and for the source country (transfer of experience and skills, remittances, development of business relationships).

EMA co-operates with IT Association Slovakia in elaboration of a feasibility study to examine the possibility of creating a mobility scheme for Moldovan IT students

Migration and development

Project title:

Feasibility Study – Mobility scheme for Ukrainian IT students to enable transfer of soft and hard skills from Slovakia to Ukraine in co-operation with higher education institutions and private sector

 

Duration:

August 2019 - December 2019

 

 

Donor:

Slovak Agency for International Development Cooperation

Implemented with the financial support of the Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs of the Slovak Republic within the grant for the implementation of the Slovak development assistance project from the SLOVAKAID program. The European Migration Agency is solely responsible for the content of this document.

The project builds on pilot activities of the IT Association Slovakia and the Digital Coalition, which, in cooperation with the Kharkiv Simon Kuznec National University of Economics and the University of Economics and Management of Public Administration created a joint study programme for Ukrainian IT students. The programme is supported by Slovak businesses, who offer scholarships and internships to students and later on two-year employment contracts. This mobility scheme thus uses an innovative system of knowledge transfer involving completion of a master study programme, a period of mentored internship and employment with established companies and finally a return home. This approach is in line with the principles of circular migration, which is regarded as an effective means of promoting development, as it facilitates transfer of resources from core to peripheral areas.

If the results of the negotiations in Moldova and the conclusions of the feasibility study support the extension of the scheme to Moldova, ITAS will start work on creating a similar mobility scheme based on joint study programs of Moldovan and Slovak universities and the subsequent employment of their graduates in Slovak companies. This way, the participating Moldovan students would, in addition to a quality study, also gain experience in established businesses, thus acquiring hard and soft skills that would help them in their career development following their return to Moldova.

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